The Old Summer Palace is located in Haidian District, the western suburb of Beijing. Firstly built in the 46th year during Emperor Kangxi's reign (1707), the Old Summer Palace is composed of three gardens: Yuanmingyuan, Changchunyuan and Qichunyuan. With the floor area of 350 hectares and building area of almost 200,000 square meters, the Old Summer Palace was a huge imperial garden, established and operated for over 150 years by emperors in Qing Dynasty. The Old Summer Palace has a worldwide reputation for its grand land scale, outstanding construction skills, elegant architectural landscape, rich cultural collections as well as extensive and profound national culture implication, and is renowned as the “model of all garden construction arts” and the “Garden of Gardens”. In October 1860, during the Second Opium War, the Anglo-French forces looted Yuanmingyuan and burnt it down. Since then, the Old Summer Palace became a relic.
The administrative office of the Old Summer Palace was established back in November 1976. At the beginning of 1988, the Old Summer Palace became one of the national key cultural relic protection sites and in the same year, 29th June, the Old Summer Palace was opened to the public. By far, through continuous reconstruction and restoration for many years, four-fifth of the Old Summer Palace is opened to public and it has approximately 150 attractions. Xiyang Lou is one of the most visited landmarks in the Old Summer Palace.
Map of the Old Summer Palace Park
The School of the Design and Arts of the Beijing Institute of Technology (BIT), founded in 1984 as the Department of Industrial Design, is one of the design schools that first opened industrial design courses in China. Since its establishment, the school’s teachers, and outstanding graduates and alumni have been spreading across China and to other countries, achieving great results in a broad spectrum of fields, including military product design, barrier-free and universal design, interactive design, visual communication, architecture, internal design, landscape design, ceramics, painting, cultural heritage studies, and art theory. The school provides ideal training grounds for students to carry out design projects and artistic creations, and also co-founded institutes for teaching, research and internship with well-known enterprises both in China and other countries, in order to improve students’ team spirit and creativeness.
Shen is an established researcher and the Head of Cultural Heritage department in the School of Art and Design of Beijing Institute of Technology. Her research focuses on the protection and research in cultural heritage, Chinese traditional folk art, and the history of art and design.
As an experienced lecturer in Beijing Institute of Technology, Yan focuses on research in Chinese Ancient Architectural History, Chinese Garden History and Cultural Heritage Conservation.
With 15 years’ experience in industrial design, Sun has presided over projects in relation to product design, interaction design, design strategy, design business, digital heritage protection, social innovation, and more. His work has been widely recognised in the field of design in China.
Lòu Yuè Kāi Yún, a place was filled with peony and the emperor Qianlong, Yongzheng, Kangxi were there together to view the peony
Wàn Fāng Ān Hé, means “universal peace”. The building is in the shape of 卍, the symbol of buddhism
Jiǔ Zhōu Qīng Yàn, the emperor’s accommodation
Qín Zhèng Qīn Xián, where the emperor worked
Rú Gǔ Hán Jīn, the place which the emperor received education.